world cerebral palsy day 2017

World Cerebral Palsy Day 2017

Cerebral palsy (CP) is the leading cause of childhood disability affecting function and development. It is a group of conditions that occur due to abnormalities of the developing fetal or infantile brain.

This impairment results from varying degrees of limitations in functional abilities and activity. These abnormalities include motor impairment, altered sensation or perception, intellectual disability, communication and behavioural difficulties, seizure disorders, and musculoskeletal complications.

NB. The underlying cause of this condition is not progressive, however its clinical manifestation may change over time as the brain matures.

World Cerebral Palsy Day is a social movement, of, by and for the CP community. Their reason is to ensure that everyone with CP has the same rights, access and opportunities as anyone else. Their campaign empowers you take action locally and, in doing so, help to build the global movement for change.

SYMPTOMS OF CEREBRAL PALSY

These symptoms aren’t usually obvious just after a baby is born. They normally become noticeable during the first two or three years of a child’s life.

They include:

  • delays in reaching development milestones
  • seeming too stiff or too floppy
  • weak arms or legs
  • fidgety, jerky or clumsy movements
  • random, uncontrolled movements
  • walking on tip-toes
  • muscle spasms
  • shaking hands (tremors)
  • other problems such as swallowing difficulties, speaking problems, seizures, hearing loss, vision problems and learning disbilities

CAUSES OF CEREBRAL PALSY

Cerebral palsy can occur if a baby’s brain doesn’t develop normally while in the womb, or is damaged during or soon after birth.

Causes include:

  • a stroke in the baby – bleeding in the baby’s brain or reduced blood and oxygen supply to their brain
  • an infection caught by the mother during pregnancy such as chickenpox, rubella, cytomegalovirus or toxoplasmosis
  • the brain temporarily not getting enough oxygen (asphyxiation) during a difficult birth
  • meningitis
  • a serious head injury

Some factors that can increase a baby’s risk of being born with cerebral palsy include:

  • prematurity
  • low birth weight
  • the mother being 35 years or older

TYPES OF CEREBRAL PALSY

There are four main types of cerebral palsy:

  1. Spastic CP – the muscles are stiff and tight, making it difficult to move and reducing the range of movement that is possible
  2. Dyskinetic CP – the muscles switch between stiffness and floppiness, causing random, uncontrolled body movements or spasms
  3. Ataxic CP – when a person has balance and co-ordination problems, resulting in shaky or clumsy movements
  4. Mixed CP – when a person has symptoms of more than one of the types mentioned above

*Hemiplegia means one side of the body is affected. *Diplegia is where two limbs are affected. *Monoplegia is where one limb is affected. *Quadriplegia means all four limbs are affected

TREATMENTS FOR CEREBRAL PALSY

There’s currently no cure for cerebral palsy , but treatments are available to help people with the condition have a normal and independent a life as possible.

Treatments include:

  • physiotherapy – to help maintain ability and hopefully improve movement problems
  • speech therapy – to help with speech and communication, and swallowing difficulties
  • occupational therapy – where a therapist identifies problems that the child or parents have carrying out everyday tasks, and suggests ways to make them easier
  • medications for muscle stiffness and other difficulties
  • in some cases, surgery to treat movement or growth problems

SIX KEY AREA FOR CHANGE

The World Cerebral Palsy Day aims at addressing the six key areas that are the biggest barriers for people with CP.

Public Awareness – Putting an end to ignorance and the stigma it can create, by building a true understanding of what CP is (and is not).

Civil Rights – Ensuring that government officials at the local, regional and national level will move beyong passing proclamations, and take concrete action to guarantee that their basic rights cannot be taken away.

Medical/Therapeutic – The very best information for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of CP, so doctors and therapists can make decisions earlier in the process and provide everyone with CP the best possible assistance in living the fullest possible life.

Quality of Life – The most useful advice, support and inspiration for their community, families and others who help them.

Education – Helping all educators create an experience that will encourage the broader community to embrace people with CP.

Contribution – Each of us has a unique ability to contribute economically, artistically, socially and/or politically. Not being able to make that contribution is not just a matter of personal loss, it is a matter of robbing our entire society and culture of something that is essential to its ability to flourish.

SUMMARY

  • Cerebral palsy is not a disease
  • Cerebral palsy causes physical impairment
  • Every case of cerebral palsy is unique to the individual
  • Cerebral palsy is non-life-threatening
  • CP is chronic
  • Cerebral palsy is incurable and permanent
  • CP is non-progressive
  • Cerebral palsy is not contagious; it is not communicable
  • Cerebral palsy is manageable

blogging for world cp day

With Love,

Janet.

 

— To read more —

Visit:

https://worldcpday.org/

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Cerebral-palsy/

http://emedicine.medscape.com/

http://www.cerebralpalsy.org/

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